As an expert sommelier and brewer, I can assure you that wine is not necessarily full of sugar and carbs. In fact, the amount of carbohydrates in wine can vary depending on the type and style of wine.
Let's start with red wines. Red wines typically contain around 1-2 grams of carbohydrates from the skin and seed extract. These carbohydrates come from the grape solids that are left in contact with the juice during fermentation. The skin and seeds of the grapes contain natural sugars and fibers, which contribute to the carbohydrate content of the wine. However, it's important to note that this amount is relatively low and should not be a concern for most people.
Additionally, red wines may also contain 0-2 grams of carbohydrates from leftover grape sugars. During fermentation, yeast converts the grape sugars into alcohol, but sometimes not all of the sugars are fermented, resulting in a small amount of residual sugar in the wine. Again, the amount of residual sugar can vary depending on the specific wine, but it is generally low in red wines.
Now let's talk about white wines. Regular white wines typically contain 0-4 grams of carbohydrates from leftover grape sugars. Due to the different grape varieties and winemaking techniques used for white wines, there is often a higher chance of residual sugar being present compared to red wines. However, it's important to note that not all white wines contain significant amounts of residual sugar. Dry white wines, for example, have very little to no residual sugar and therefore have a low carbohydrate content.
It's worth mentioning that the carbohydrate content of wine can also be influenced by factors such as the grape variety, ripeness of the grapes, and winemaking techniques. Some sweeter styles of wine, such as dessert wines or late harvest wines, can have higher carbohydrate content due to intentionally stopping fermentation early to retain more residual sugar.
In my personal experience, I have come across a wide range of wines with varying carbohydrate content. I have tasted dry red wines with minimal residual sugar and therefore low carbohydrate content, as well as sweet white wines with higher carbohydrate content. It really depends on the specific wine and its style.
So, to answer the question, wine is not necessarily full of sugar and carbs. While there may be some carbohydrates present in wine, the amount can vary depending on the type and style of the wine. It's always a good idea to check the label or do some research if you are concerned about the carbohydrate content of a specific wine.