What is a giant bottle of wine called?

Answered by Robert Golston

A giant bottle of is called a Jeroboam. However, it is important to note that the term “Jeroboam” can actually refer to different sizes of bottles, depending on the region and type of wine. In general, a Jeroboam holds 3 litres of wine, which is equivalent to four regular bottles.

The name “Jeroboam” originates from the biblical figure, who was the first king of the northern Kingdom of Israel. The use of biblical names for wine bottle sizes is quite common in the wine industry, adding a touch of tradition and history to these large-format bottles.

It is interesting to explore the various sizes of wine bottles beyond the Jeroboam. One such size is the Bordeaux Jeroboam, which holds 5 litres of wine. This larger version is commonly used for Bordeaux wines and provides an even more impressive display for special occasions or celebrations.

Moving up in size, we have the Rehoboam, which holds 4.5 litres of wine, equivalent to six regular bottles. This size is less common but can still be found in certain regions and for specific types of wine. It offers an excellent option for larger gatherings or events where more wine is needed.

Continuing on, we have the Methuselah, which holds a whopping 6 litres of wine, equivalent to eight regular bottles. This size is often associated with and is commonly used for special vintages or prestigious cuvées. Opening a Methuselah of Champagne is a grandiose affair, reserved for truly memorable moments.

We have the largest of them all, the Salmanzar, which holds an astounding 9 litres of wine, equivalent to twelve regular bottles. This size is extremely rare and mostly seen in very special circumstances or for promotional purposes. The Salmanzar is a true showstopper and a testament to the grandeur and extravagance of the wine world.

In my experience as a sommelier, I have had the privilege of encountering these giant bottles of wine on a few occasions. The sight of a Jeroboam or larger bottle being brought to a table never fails to impress and excite both the guests and myself. It creates a sense of anticipation and adds an element of spectacle to the dining experience.

Furthermore, I have noticed that wine stored in these large-format bottles tends to age more gracefully compared to standard-sized bottles. The larger volume of wine allows for a slower and more controlled maturation process, resulting in enhanced complexity and depth of flavors.

When it comes to serving these giant bottles, it is important to handle them with care and precision. The weight and size of these bottles can make pouring a bit challenging, so it is crucial to have a steady hand and the right tools, such as a decanting cradle or a wine pourer specifically designed for large formats.

A giant bottle of wine is called a Jeroboam, but there are variations in size depending on the region and type of wine. From the Bordeaux Jeroboam to the Methuselah and Salmanzar, each size offers its own unique experience and adds a touch of grandeur to any occasion. These large-format bottles not only make a statement but also provide an opportunity for the wine to age gracefully and showcase its full potential. So, whether you're celebrating a special milestone or simply looking to make a lasting impression, a giant bottle of wine is sure to elevate the experience and create lasting memories.